Chancroid 

Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease caused by infection of  Haemophilus ducreyi.

It is characterized by painful necrotizing genital ulcers that may be accompanied by inguinal lymphadenopathy. 

It is a highly contagious but curable disease.

Chancroid infection occurs in two ways:

The skin of a healthy person when touching an infected person’s wound while having sex.

When the pus or fluid that comes out of an infected wound comes in contact with another part of the body or another person, the person also gets a chancroid infection.  This type of Chancroid  is not sexually transmitted.

Symptoms of chancroid :

Most people with chancroid infection develop symptoms within 3 to 10 days of infection. Some people are asymptomatic.

The most common symptom of chancroid is the formation of painful and reddish lumps in the genital areas, which gradually turn into blisters or open wounds.

Urethritis :
urinary tract inflammation and redness,

abnormal vaginal discharge,

pain and bleeding of the sore,

dysuria,

Enlargement of lymph nodes around the groin.

Diagnosis of chancroid :

Diagnosing chancroid currently is Not possible through blood testing.

But Diagnosing the condition may involve taking samples of the fluid that drains from the ulcer .

And the doctor may also examine the lymph nodes in groin for swelling and pain.

Risk factors Of chancroid :

The number one risk factor for chancroid is through contact with the open Ulcer of a person who has chancroid.
In addition to

unprotected sexual intercourse,

multiple sexual partners,

sexual intercourse with a sex worker,

substance abuse Mostly Injectable drug abuse,

anal intercourse,

being sexually active,

living in some developing nations,

Treatment of chancroid :

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend one of the following antibiotic therapy for treating chancroid:

azithromycin

ceftriaxone

ciprofloxacin

erythromycin

It is essential to take all the medications as per doctors advice and also partner treatment is important to cure chancroid.

A doctor will again assess chancroid symptoms 3 to 7 days after prescribing antibiotic therapy.

If symptoms remain, a doctor might :

Ensure a person is taking medication properly or not,

Ensure whether H. Ducreyi is resistant to antibiotic therapy.

So, follow up of patient is most important thing to fully cure the patient.

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