Hepatitis B is the world’s most common liver infection. It is caused by hepatitis b virus (HBV), which attacks and damages the liver . It is transferred by blood, by unprotected sex, a needle used for others, or a single needle is used for many people, and is transferred by an infected mother to a newborn baby, during pregnancy or during childbirth. Most adult people who are infected with this disease get rid of this disease without any problem. But some adult people and newborn heads and children are not free from this virus and are prone to chronic infections.
The good news is that safe vaccines and new therapies are available to prevent this disease and for individuals infected with hepatitis B.
How many people are infected with hepatitis B?
Two Billion people (one in 3 people) in the world have Hepatitis B infection. 280 million people are suffering from Chronic infection .
It is estimated that 700,000 people die annually due to hepatitis B and its complication.
Why is hepatitis B so dangerous?
Hepatitis B is dangerous, as it is a “silent infection” that infects people without their knowledge. Most people are infected with hepatitis B, they are unaware of the infection, and inadvertently spread the virus to other people by blood and infected body fluids.
People who suffer chronic infections are more likely to have severe cirrhosis and or liver cancer at a later age. The virus continues to attack the liver silently for many years, and the patient does not even know.
some common ways hepatitis B spreads to other individuals.
By contact with infected blood or infected bodily effluents.
Having an unprotected relationship with someone who has Hepatitis B infection.
Re-use dipping used for other or two-time use (for example, reuse used dipping for illegal drugs, or use such dipping as injection, acupuncture, tetuz Or to make a hole in the ear or / part of the body that is not properly sterilized.
During pregnancy or childbirth from an infected mother to her newborn.
Unsterile needle used by street print doctors, tooth doctors or shaving.
But, hepatitis B usually does not spread by anyone’s touch. This disease is not spread by air, by hugging someone, by touching, by sneezing, by cough, by toilet seat or by eating cooked food of a person who has Hepatitis B.
greater risk Factors of of Hepatitis B:
Family or other members of the household who have Hepatitis B infection, near or in contact.
Adult or older person sexually active.
Men who have sex with men.
Newborn born to an infected mother.
Workers and physicians engaged in medical work.
People who take drugs from injections.
Types of hepatitis B:
There are mainly two types of hepatitis B.
1.acute hepatitis B
2.chronic hepatitis B
1.acute hepatitis B
Acute hepatitis B infection can last up to six months (whether its symptoms appear or not). People with the infection can Attack viruses to others during this time. A blood test can tell anyone whether the virus of hepatitis B is in its blood, or whether they have successfully gotten rid of the virus. When your doctor tells you that there are no hepatitis B viruses in your blood, it is important to protect others from the possibility of this infection.
It is also important that your sexual partners and family members (or people who live close to you in your family) undergo blood tests. If they do not have an infection – and have not taken hepatitis B vaccine – they should also complete the course of hepatitis B vaccine.
Symptoms of acute infection :
loss of appetite,
pain in joints and muscles,
light fever and abdominal pain.
Although most people do not see symptoms, these symptoms appear 60–150 days after infection. Some people experience more severe symptoms, such as
caterpillar (yellowing of the eyes and skin)
signs that make it necessary to go to the doctor.
If treatment for acute hepatitis B infection is necessary, the person is admitted to hospital for therapy, rest and symptoms are the primary goal.
Risk of death, such a rare, serious condition, ‘fulminant hepatitis’, can be accompanied by a new acute infection and can be treated immediately, only with urgent therapy, because in this disease the person suddenly has liver failure.
Some of the simple measures to protect your liver during a new infection are,
do not drink alcohol,
stop or reduce smoking,
take healthy doses,
do not eat oily or lard foods,
and ask your doctor for your medications. Talk about, market-taking medicines, and other questions.
2. chronic hepatitis B
Individuals who have hepatitis B virus for more than six months (after their first blood test) are diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B. This means that their immunity power cannot completely absorb , and the infection is still present in their blood and liver.
The cause of chronic hepatitis B has
A direct relationship with age when hepatitis B virus is first infected.
Newborn babies and children with 90% infection are more likely to get chronic hepatitis B infection.
50% of infected children (aged 1–5 years) are prone to chronic hepatitis B infection.
5–10% of infected adults are prone to chronic hepatitis B infection (90% of them regain health.)
If you find out that you have chronic hepatitis B, you will be very frustrated because most people do not see symptoms of this disease, and many decades after hepatitis B virus enters their body, they come to know about it , That he has Hepatitis B infection. They feel surprised and shocked. The good news is that most people who have chronic hepatitis B can live long and healthy lives.
Most pregnant women do not know they have Hepatitis B infection and inadvertently transfer the virus to their newborns at their birth.
The risk of newborns getting chronic hepatitis B infection is so high .
So, that WHO Recommend that all newborns have the first dose of hepatitis B within 12–24 hours of their birth.
There are drugs / therapies that control hepatitis b virus, and prevent them, so as not to cause too much damage to liver and some hope is undergoing revision of the drugs, which will cause this disease in the near future Doing well people with chronic hepatitis B are more likely to have severe liver disease or liver cancer.