Food borne illness is called food poisoning. Food poisoning usually results from ingested food. Through contaminated food, bacteria, parasites and various viruses in the body cause infection, due to which food poisoning is common. Organisms that spread an infection in food infect food only when the food is not cooked properly or the vessel in which it is being cooked is not clean. Apart from this, even when the hands are not clean and the food is open, the micro-organisms infect the food, due to which that food gets contaminated and a person gets food poisoning when they eat food.
Food poisoning is a common problem but in some cases it can also be very serious due to which the person also dies. During summer and rainy season, food gets contaminated very fast and bacteria and micro-organisms flourish and contaminate the food. By eating such food, a person becomes a victim of food poisoning.
Causes of food poisoning :
food poisoning is usually caused by contaminated food. Microorganisms are responsible for causing this disease. Many people also die due to food poisoning. Infection of food poisoning is spread by three types of organisms.
Food poisoning due to bacteria :
The most common food poisoning problem is due to bacteria. Various bacteria named E. coli, Listeria and Salmonella are responsible for producing food poisoning. Of these, Salmonella bacteria are the most serious food poisoning problem.
Food poisoning due to parasite:
Food poisoning is less through parasites than bacteria. But the parasites that get into the stomach through food are very dangerous. Toxoplasma is a parasite through which most food poisoning occurs. Parasites are present in the digestive tract of our body, which we do not know for many years. These make our immune system weak and hence food containing parasites causes food poisoning.
Food poisoning due to virus :
The problem of food poisoning is also caused by viruses. Norovirus, also known as Norwalk virus, causes the most cases of food poisoning every year. In some rare situations, these viruses are very deadly. Sapovirus rotavirus, astrovirus, also produce similar symptoms that usually reach the body through food.
Symptoms of food poisoning
Generally, the symptoms of food poisoning depend on what the infection has caused. But the symptoms of this problem start appearing suddenly after a few hours of consuming contaminated food. A person first feels nauseous when food poisoning occurs. The following are the main symptoms of food poisoning.
Loss of appetite
In case of food poisoning, a person may be troubled by its symptoms for several days. As the diarrhea caused by food poisoning can last more than three days, fever may exceed 101.5 ° F and there may be difficulty in seeing and hearing. The main symptoms of food poisoning are severe lack of water in the body due to which the problem of dry mouth and urination can also occur.
Diagnosis of food poisoning :
The symptoms of this problem are sufficient to diagnose food poisoning. But if the person has been suffering from thin diarrhea or bleeding in it for a few days, then the doctor examines the stool to determine whether the food poisoning is due to the parasite or due to bacteria. In some cases special tests are done to detect the Rota virus. Apart from this, blood test is also done to diagnose food poisoning and if the problem of dehydration has arisen due to food poisoning, then the doctor also advises the patient to have urine test.
Food poisoning treatment :
Food poisoning can usually be treated at home and is mostly cured within 3 to 5 days. Let us know how to treat food poisoning at home.
In case of food poisoning problem, it is necessary to keep the body hydrated continuously so that there is no shortage of water in the body and by doing so, this problem is cured in a few days.
Sports drinks contain high amount of electrolyte, which is very effective in the treatment of food poisoning. Apart from this, fruit juices and coconut water can also be consumed. It contains enough carbohydrate which removes the fatigue caused by food poisoning.
Drinking tea of some herbs chamomile, peppermint and dandelion gives relief to the stomach when food poisoning occurs. This is a better solution to cure a bad stomach.
Getting enough rest on food poisoning also provides relief.
But if you want to eat medicines to cure food poisoning,
If food poisoning due to bacteria then,
And other symptomatic treatment like,
If vomiting then,
If nausea and acidity then,
If abdominal cramps then,
Above all medicine and ORS powder for maintaining fluid and electrolytes balance.
If patient have severe diarrhoea and vomiting then, immediately transferred to hospital caused if severe water loss then, it caused hyovolamic shock and patient may die.
Then you can take Doctor’s advice before consuming these medicines.
In acute cases of food poisoning, fluids called intravenous or IV are given in hospitals to meet the lack of water in the patient’s body.
Prevention of food poisoning :
The easiest way to avoid food poisoning is to keep our food more safe. Let us know how to avoid food poisoning.
Not having cleanliness in the kitchen can cause food poisoning at any time, so always keep the kitchen clean.
Cook the food properly at sufficient heat and temperature so that all the bacteria present in the food are destroyed. A thermometer can also be used to examine bacteria in cooked meat and egg yolk.
Do not keep cooked food near raw fruits, vegetables or raw food, otherwise cooked food can also get bacteria.
Do not store food in places with moisture, otherwise bacteria can grow in it.
Keep the utensils clean and clean your hands continuously, especially when you touch your mouth with your hands or raw meat or eggs with your hands.