Chlamydia

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Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease . The infection is caused by a bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis.

The symptoms of chlamydia and the mode of transmission are very similar to gonorrhea.

 Many people who are infected with chlamydia do not show any symptoms and have no idea about their infection. The disease can occur in women’s cervix, rectum or throat and
in men’s urethra (inside the penis), rectum or throat.

Chlamydia infection can cause permanent damage to women’s uterine tubes (fallopian tubes) and can also cause infertility in the future. In addition, the risk of ectopic Pregnancy may Occur.

Chlamydia infection during pregnancy can also increase the risk of preterm labor and excessive birth weight of the baby at birth.

Signs and Symptoms of Chlamydia:

Many people do not recognize the symptoms of Chlamydia. Most people do not show any symptoms. If symptoms show up, this usually happens one to three weeks after becoming infected.

Feeling irritated in urine,

Yellow or green fluid coming out of the penis or vagina,

 Pain in the lower abdomen,

 Pain in the testicles,

Severe pain during or after intercourse (dyspareunia). 

In some women, the infection of Chlamydia can spread to the fallopian tubes, which can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is an emergency medical condition. The symptoms of PID are:

 Fever,

 Severe pain in the pelvis,

 Nausea,

 Vaginal bleeding during menstruation 

It is also possible to have chlamydia infection in the anus as well. The main symptoms of this case often include pain in the anus and bleeding from the anus.

If you have oral sex with someone infected with this disease, you may have this infection in your throat as well. 

You may feel sore throat, cough or fever. It is also possible that bacteria can get into your throat and you may not even know about it.

The symptoms of STI can be different in men and women, so it is important to talk to a doctor if you experience any of the above symptoms.

Causes of chlamydia :

Chlamydia is an infection, which is spread by Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. 

When an infection occurs, the bacteria may be present in the infected person’s cervix, urethra, vagina and rectum. It can also remain in the throat. The infection can spread due to any type of sexual contact (vaginal, anal or oral) with the infected person. 

Young people who are active in having sex, are at greater risk of ‘chlamydia’.

An infected mother can spread the infection to the baby at birth, when the baby passes through the vaginal canal. The most common effects of chlamydia in newborns are eye damage and pneumonia.

 After treating ‘Chlamydia’ it is possible for a person to have a second infection. It is common to have a recurrent infection of the chlamydia.

Prevention of chlamydia :

The following measures should be taken to reduce the risk of Chlamydia infection

Use condoms every time

Do not have sex with Multiple sex partner 

Try to have restraint on your sexual desires or have sexual contact with only an unprotected partner.

If you think you are infected, avoid sexual contact and see a doctor.

Diagnosis of Chlamydia:

A physical examination can be done to diagnose Chlamydia to look for physical symptoms, such as the condition of the discharge. 
In addition, it can be taken from the penis, cervix, urethra, throat or rectum or sample of urine.

 Chlamydia screening

Since chlamydial infections often do not have symptoms, health authorities in most countries recommend screening for some people. 

CDC recommends Chlamydia screening for these –

 Women under 25,

 Pregnant women,

 High-risk men and women.

Treatment of Chlamydia :

Chlamydia can be easily cured by antibiotic therapy.

Usually, azithromycin and doxycycline antibiotics are used to treat chlamydia infection, but other antibiotics can also be used successfully.

Pregnant women infected with Chlamydia can be treated safely with antibiotics

for example, azithromycin, amoxicillin and erythromycin ethyl succinate, but not doxycycline.

Treat sex partner :
The sex partner of a person suffering from chlamydia should also be tested and treated to prevent it from re-infection and further spread.

Risk factors of Chlamydia:

Factors that increase the risk of Chlamydia trachomatis include:

 Having sex before the age of 25,

 Having sex with multiple sex partner,

 Not using condoms constantly,

 History of pre-sexually transmitted infections

Complications of Chlamydia:

Other sexually transmitted infections – People infected with Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria are also at higher risk of having other STIs, including gonorrhea and HIV

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) :

In PID infection  can be spread from the vagina to the  uterus,fallopian tube and ovaries .

epididymis:

Chlamydia infection can cause irritation in the coiled tube located near each testicle . The infection can result in fever, testicular swelling and pain.

Prostate gland infection :

Chlamydia organism can spread to a male’s prostate gland. 

Prostatitis can cause severe pain, fever and chills, urination and lower back pain during or after sex.

Infection in newborns : 

Chlamydia infection can be transmitted from the vaginal tube to your baby during childbirth
leading to severe pneumonia or serious eye infections.

Infertility :

Chlamydia infections which do not produce any signs or symptoms can damage the fallopian tubes and cause blockage. Because of this, women can become infertile.

Reactive Arthritis : 

People infected with Chlamydia trachomatis have a higher risk of developing reactive arthritis.

 Avoid following food :

Avoid alcohol intake while taking antibiotics. 

Avoid milk and dairy products if you are taking doxycycline.

Use condoms to reduce the risk of infection from unprotected sex.

In addition, you should avoid the following foods or beverages during the chlamydia infection –

 Alcohol

 Caffeine

 Red meat

 Butter

 Processed, canned or refined food

 Junk food, etc.

Take food in chlamydia infection :

Garlic : It is antibacterial, so it reduces chlamydial infections.

Yogurt :It improves the body’s immune system and protects against chlamydia.

 Olive oil :helps reduce chlamydial infections.

 Turmeric :It acts as an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent and helps to reduce chlamydial infections.

 Foods containing vitamin C, such as oranges, lemons, amla

 Leafy vegetables

 Almonds

 Whole grains

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